The Banwen plateau

Above Seven Sisters, the countryside turns to bleak, exposed moorland…At the very head of the [Dulais] valley are the two settlements of Dyffryn Cellwen and Banwen.  Here the physical surroundings are so bleak that some of those living further down the valley refer to it as, ‘The last place on earth that God made, but forgot to finish.’

Sewel (1975)

We would wonder about the young men sent to garrison this outpost of the Roman empire, almost two thousand years before.  And imagined the possible reactions of a young Roman soldier, walking up from a sun-drenched beach, perhaps in the south of France; and his comrades gleefully waiting to tell him.

   “Your name’s up for orders”

   “What for?”

   “You’ve been posted."

   “Where?”

   “Banwen!”

And decided…that in those days it most surely must have been a place to run away from."

GB Evans (2000)


"Banwen was twinned with Beirut…until Beirut objected”  - attributed to the locally-born comedian Colin Price, by H Francis (2018).

Oblique aerial photograph taken roughly north (foreground) to south by C.R. Musson, 1990.  This is part of the plateau at the top of the Dulais Valley at about 250m, 750ft altitude.  The square outline of the Roman fort can be seen clearly in the foreground. The Roman Road (Sarn Helen) continues directly south and climbs through the terraced street of today’s Roman Road, Banwen, before ascending the Hirfynnydd mountain. On the other side (unseen) is the village of Glynneath.  On the right of the photograph is today’s village of Dyffryn Cellwen, before which can be seen the field of Banwen Rugby Club, in  roughly symmetrical and somewhat appropriate gladiatorial counterpoint to the Roman fort.  In front of that is today’s Inter-Valley Road, only built in 1928, running roughly west to east through the centre of this photograph.

The original Maesmarchog Colliery and associated little settlement of Tir Bach was beyond the outline of Roman Road. at the top centre of the photograph.  No trace of it can be seen now. 

On the upper left hand side, open cast mining operations are still operational in 1990.

© Crown copyright: Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Reproduced here under Licence no: RCPL2/3/62/022.  

Below: a modern view in the other direction, south to north.  Source: Guardian, April 2017, attributed to DOVE Workshop.  

banwen aerialview modern guardian
© (the written content and authorial photographs) Gareth Jones 2015-19